I. The Purposes of Christ instituting the Lord' s Supper
A. For the Perpetual Remembrance of the sacrifice of Himself in His Death
B. To Seal all benefits of the Lord's Supper unto true believers
C. For the spiritual nourishment and Growth of True Believers in Christ
D. To engage True Believers in and to all duties which they owe unto Him.
E. To be a bond and pledge of the True Believer's communion with Him and
each other, as members of His
II. The Nature of the Lord's Supper
A. Christ is not offered up to His Father; nor any real sacrifice made at all for the remission of sins.
B. The Lord's Supper is a commemoration of that one offering up of Himself, upon the cross
C. The Lord's Supper is a spiritual oblation of all possible praise unto God
D. The Popish Mass is most abominably injurious to Christ's one, only sacrifice,
the alone propitiation for all
the sins of His elect.
III. Administering the Lord's Supper
A. The Lord Jesus appointed His ministers to declare His word of institution
to the people when administering
the Lord's Supper.
B. The Lord Jesus appointed His ministers to pray, and bless the elements
of bread and wine, to set them
apart from a common to a holy use.
C. The Lord Jesus appointed His ministers to take and break the bread,
to take the cup, and to give both to
the communicants; but to none who are not then present in the congregation.
IV. Certain Practices relating to the Lord's Supper said to be contrary to scripture and therefore forbidden.
A. Private masses forbidden
B. The Denial of the Cup to the People forbidden (in the Roman Context)
C. Worshipping the Elements Forbidden
D. The lifting them up or carrying them about for adoration and the reserving
of them for any pretended
religious use forbidden.
V. The Sacramental Union of Christ to the Elements
VI. Transubstantiation refuted
VII. The Nature of the Lord's Supper for Worthy Receivers
A. Worthy Receiver inwardly by faith really and indeed, yet not corporally
but spiritually, receive and feed
upon Christ crucified, and all benefits of his death.
B. The Body and Blood of Christ is in, with, or under the bread and wine
the Bread and wine; yet as really, but
spiritually present to the faith of believers in that ordinance as the elements themselves are to their
VIII. The Nature of the Lord's Supper for Unworthy Receivers
A. Unworthy Receivers receive not the thing signified in the elements.
B. Unworthy Receivers by their unworthy coming to the Lord's Table are
guilty of the body and blood of the
Lord, to their own damnation.
C. Unworthy Receivers of the Lord's Supper cannot without great sin against
Christ, while they remain
unworthy receivers, partake of the Lord's Supper or even be admitted to it.